Major risk factors contributing to pedestrian crashes in middle-income countries
Submission Date: 2019
Walking, an alternative mode of transport, is encouraged because of its health benefits and the reduction in vehicle use. The WHO global status report on road safety 2018, reports that low and middle-income countries (LMICs) have the worst road safety situation, being twice that of highincome countries (HIC’s). Vulnerable road users (VRU’s) including pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists comprise half of these fatalities. This research investigates the major risk factors which may cause fatal pedestrian crashes. 25 international road safety experts completed pedestrian safety related questionnaires. The results were analysed using Ishikawa and AHP methods and showed that street lighting, crossing facilities and proper land use design were among priorities which should be addressed to improve pedestrian safety.