UN Decade of Action
As the peak regional body for road safety professionals, advocates, and members of the public who are focused on saving lives and serious injuries on our roads, the Australasian College of Road Safety strongly supports the aims of the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020, the Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety, Australia’s National Road Safety Strategy 2010-2020, and the New Zealand Road Safety Strategy 2010-2020. The College as a whole, together with each stakeholder under our broad membership umbrella, is working hard to meet the goals of the UN Decade of action, the NRSS and the NZRSS.
It is broadly acknowledged that if we are to meet the Decade of Action’s trauma target of a 50% reduction in deaths over the decade, then we in Australasia will need to raise our level of ambition and commitment in the years that remain.
Over 3 400 people die on the world’s roads every day and tens of millions of people are injured or disabled every year. Children, pedestrians, cyclists and older people are among the most vulnerable of road users.
In March 2010 the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution proclaiming 2011 to 2020 as the Decade of Action for Road Safety in an effort to address the global epidemic of deaths and serious injuries on the world’s roads. The resolution was introduced by the Russian Federation and co- sponsored by 100 countries including Australia. The goal of the Decade is to stabilise and then reduce the forecast level of road deaths worldwide by 2020 by increasing road safety activities at national, regional and global levels.
The resolution invites all member states to set their own national road traffic casualty reduction targets for the decade and calls for the implementation of road safety activities, particularly in the areas of road safety management, road infrastructure, vehicle safety, road user behaviour, road safety education and post-crash response. These objectives are supported by the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011–2020, which provides a guiding implementation framework based on Safe System principles.
The Plan is formally coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO), through the UN Road Safety Collaboration (RSC), and provides an overall framework for five “pillars” of activities:
- Building road safety management capacity;
- Improving the safety of road infrastructure and broader transport networks;
- Further developing the safety of vehicles;
- Enhancing the behaviour of road users; and
- Improving post-crash care.
On 19 November 2015 the 2200 delegates gathered for the 2nd Global High-Level Conference on Road Safety adopted the “Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety” through which they agreed ways to halve road traffic deaths by the end of this decade – a key milestone within the new Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.6.
Australia’s National Road Safety Strategy 2011–2010 is closely aligned with the Global Plan, and it forms an important part of our region’s response to the Decade of Action for Road Safety. New Zealand’s Road Safety Strategy 2010-2020 outlines the high level actions required to address road safety using the Safe System approach.